Skin disorders and care

Skin disorders widely differ in severity and symptoms. They can be transient or persistent, painless or painful. Skin disorders are primarily hereditary, but some may be because of other causes. 

Different types of skin disorders are as follows:

Blisters: They are a transparent, watery, fluid-filled area on the skin. They are of different sizes and can occur alone or along with a group. They can occur anywhere on the body.

Acne: It is generally found on the neck, face, chest, upper back and, shoulders. It may leave scars or darken the skin if left untreated. Acne is caused when your hair follicles get blocked with oil and lifeless skin cells. It is common among teenagers of all ages. 

Eczema: They are yellow or white scaly patches that flake off. Affected areas may appear red, itchy, oily or, greasy. Hair loss is expected in the room with the rash

Measles: Symptoms include fever, sore throat, watery eyes, red eyes, cough, loss of appetite and, runny nose. Red rashes spread from the face down the body three to five days after the first symptoms appear. Tiny red spots with bluish-white centres appear in the mouth. 

Vitiligo is a skin condition in which the skin loses pigment due to the destruction of the colour-imparting skin cells. It can occur in a focal pattern or a segmental pattern. It can cause premature greying of the scalp and facial hair.

Chickenpox: They are clusters of red, itchy, fluid-filled blisters all over the body. The rash is accompanied by sore throat, fever, loss of appetite and, body aches. They remain contagious until all sores have crusted over. 

Ringworm: It is circular-shaped scaly rashes with a raised border. The skin in the middle region appears healthy and clear and, the edges spread outwards. They might be itchy.

Latex allergy: It is considered as medical energy and, immediate care is required. It may occur within minutes or hours after coming in contact with a latex product. Itchy, red circles may take the form of a dry, crusted appearance with continual exposure to latex. Latex particles present in the air may cause a runny nose, itchy watery eyes, cough and, sneezing. A severe allergy causes swelling and difficulty in breathing.

Contact dermatitis: It begins due to coming in touch with chemicals or other irritation-causing substances. The substances cause a reaction that turns the skin red, inflamed and, itchy. Topical Creams are generally used for treatment. 

Bacteria trapped in skin cells, viruses, parasites, and microorganisms living on your body, contact with irritants and allergens, genetic factors, and weakened immunity are common causes of skin disorders.

Treating skin disorders:

Mostly skin disorders can be treated. Common treatments include medicated creams and ointments, antibiotics, antihistamines, and prescribed medications. But not all skin disorders respond to treatment. Some go away on their own and do not require any treatment. 

Preventing skin disorders: 

Wash your hands with soap and water frequently. Try to avoid direct touch with people who are suffering from any infection.  Do not give any particular items such as hairbrushes, blankets, or clothes. Drink plenty of water and have nutritious food. Get vaccinated for disorders like chickenpox.

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