Micronutrients

These micronutrients are one of the major groups of nutrients which your body requires. They include vitamins and minerals. Micronutrients majorly contain vitamins and minerals in their category.

Vitamins are essential for immune function, blood clotting energy production, and other vital functions. Meanwhile, minerals play a vital role in the growth of your body, maintaining bone health, stabilizes the fluid balance, and many other vital processes.

What are micronutrients?

Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms throughout life for various physiological functions to maintain health. Micronutrient requirements differ between organisms; for example, humans and other animals require numerous vitamins and dietary minerals, whereas plants require specific minerals.

Types of micronutrients:

  • Water-soluble vitamins
  • Fat-soluble vitamins
  • Microminerals
  • Trace minerals

Benefits of micronutrients:

All micronutrients play a vital role in the proper functioning of your body.

Consuming a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals is optimal health and may even help you fight various diseases.

It is because micronutrients are part of nearly every process in your body. Moreover, specific vitamins and minerals act as an antioxidant.

Antioxidants can protect you from the damaged cell that has been linked with several diseases, including Alzheimer’s cancer and heart disease.

For instance, researchers have revealed that adequate dietary consumption of vitamins A and C lowers the risk of some types of deadly cancer. Getting sufficient vitamins can also help you to limit Alzheimer’s disease. 

Certain minerals may also play a vital role in blocking and fighting against disease.

The study has shown that the low blood levels of selenium with a greater risk of heart illness. A review of observational studies revealed that the risk of heart illness decreased by almost 24% when blood concentrations of selenium grew by nearly 50%.

A review of 22 studies showed that sufficient calcium consumption decreases the death rate from heart illness and all other causes. These studies advise us that eating plenty of micronutrients, particularly those with antioxidant properties, provides extensive health advantages.

However, it’s unclear whether eating more than the suggested amounts of specific micronutrients, either from supplements or foods, offers extra benefits or not.

Effects of deficiencies:

A maximum of healthy adults can get a sufficient amount of the micronutrients from a well managed balanced diet. Still, some of the common nutrient insufficiencies affect a particular part of the population.

These micronutrients include:

  • Vitamin D: Around 77% of Indians have an ample amount of vitamin D, primarily due to their exposure to the sun.
  • Vitamin B12: Vegetarians may increase vitamin B12 deficiency as they don’t prefer to have animal products. Older people are also at a higher risk because of the decreasing absorption capacity with the growing age.
  • Vitamin A: The diets of people in many developing countries often lack adequate vitamin A.
  • Iron: Deficiency of this mineral is common among preschool children, menstruating women and vegans.
  • Calcium: Close to 22% and 10% of men and women over 50, respectively, don’t get enough calcium.

From all the facts mentioned above about the micronutrients, you can surely get all the relevant information about them. When you go out shopping next time, you must pick all the food items to fill up your nutrient requirements so that you and your family can stay healthy and fit. 

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